Mar 29, 2019 the tumult of the arab spring also showed autocratic governmentsand the rest of the worldthat millions of people living in islamic nations believe in free expression and democratic governance. The causes and the consequences of the arab srping explained in this documentary. Pdf the middle east and north africa mena have long been laden with. Pdf the enigma of the arab spring and its autumn researchgate. Analysis and background of the arab spring in libya article pdf available in european researcher 3912. This causes the price to skyrocket and overinflate its true value. Development of conflict in arab spring libya and syria. Mar 07, 2018 egypt has been on the economic rocks ever since the arab spring revolution. A reading list five years ago the middle east and north africa was electrified by unprecedented popular protests that heralded the start of the arab spring. Russia air strikes and assistance china hezbollah troops and assistance. The name arab spring is a reference to the revolutions of 1848also known as the peoples springwhen political upheavals swept europe.
Five years after the arab spring, most middle eastern countries have either devolved into chaos or restored autocracy in a bid for stability at the expense of regions burgeoning desire for freedom. Demonstrators expressing political and economic grievances faced violent crackdowns by their countries security forces. Many arabs believe that the arab spring is a western, and more specifically an american, plan since the days of former us secretary of state henry. Powersharing and civic political action in lebanon in democratic transition in the middle east. Political and economic development in most arab states simply could not keep up with the staggering increase in the population, as the ruling. This research paper examines thoroughly and critically all the causes and facilitators of the arab spring from twitter and facebook to the relative deprivation of the numerous youth in the arab world.
This resulted in a rather stunted and closed atmosphere. Arab spring research guide and notes sheet targets. Arab spring and success of protest in egypt, tunisia, and other neighboring states initial government crackdown against protestors back. Sectarianism and power maintenance in the arab spring. Dec 01, 2015 any discussion of islamist radicalization lends itself to analytical confusion, particularly if were looking for an elegant model of why people turn to political violence and terrorism. Nevertheless, in the last decade almost all of the mena economies. The series of revolutions that marked the arab world toppled dictators and transformed the map of the region, inspiring hope for permanent change in the middle east. Arab spring economist world news, politics, economics. The arab spring was a series of antigovernment protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the middle east in early 2011. All these factors, to large extent have contributed to the causes of this popular uprisings. I can compare and contrast the causes and effects of the arab spring in other middle eastern nations. But many of the underlying causes of the arab spring remain, such as. The endgame is a series of films exploring the fall of the gaddafi regime from the perspective of those who helped to bring it down al jazeera tv the long road to tripoli. Ever since the 1950s the arab world has been dominated by strongmen e.
Egypt has been on the economic rocks ever since the arab spring revolution. But their purpose, relative success, and outcome remain hotly disputed in arab countries, among foreign observers, and between world powers looking to cash in on the changing map of the middle east. Womens rights and the arab spring middle eastnorth. However, the recent arab uprisings, better known as.
The arab spring and its subsequent impact on a global scale that sparked widespread protests against governments and policies, is a watershed in the evolution of sociopolitical movements. Arab spring, egypt, revolution, social media, tunisia. The arab spring began in tunisia in december 2010, therefore learning about tunisia is an appropriate place to start digesting this topic. Low supply and perceived future high demand causes other investors to jump on the bandwagon. Arab spring used their powers vehemently to crush the demonstrators and consequently the peaceful protesters also became violent. The tumult of the arab spring also showed autocratic governmentsand the rest of the worldthat millions of people living in islamic nations believe in free expression and democratic governance. Dec 17, 2011 a year ago, a tunisian fruitseller set himself on fire after being humiliated by a police officer. The report was prepared under the guidance of shantayanan devarajan, chief economist, middle east and north africa region of the world bank. Pdf analysis and background of the arab spring in libya. Jun 15, 2016 the causes and the consequences of the arab srping explained in this documentary. The gaddafi archives libya before the arab spring view gallery an exhibition of photographs, documents and artefacts from the human rights watch archive paints a portrait of libya in the four decades prior to the arab spring. The demands made by protestors were wide ranging, and also evolved as protest movements developed. The arab spring uprisings of 2011 triggered a wide set of social movements and regime change across the middle east and north africa.
The country is grappling with civil war, humanitarian crises and the threat from isil. Luciani and others published on the economic causes of the arab spring and its possible developments find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. For decades, women in egypt as elsewhere in the region have been intimately involved with the reform movement from organizing labor union strikes and asserting their right to free speech. Perhaps these are the reasons to why the arab spring is chiefly an arab.
Between two competing narratives princeton university scholars michael hoffman and amaney jamal explore the motivations behind some of. Jun 03, 2014 the constantly evolving situation in the middle east has prompted ongoing interest in, and research on, the various factors leading to the arab spring. This paper attempts to examine the causes of the arab uprisings in middle eastern. German institute for international and security affairs, march 2014 and citizens of the void. Many experts compare the arab spring to the popular revolutions that shook. In egypt, protests and strikes began on january 25, 2011 national police day and lasted for 18. Tunisia this guide lists online and print sources for what has become known as the arab spring, the popular revolutionary wave in the middle east and north africa that started in december 2010. The influence of displeasure explosion against governments in tunisia, libya and egypt, known as arab spring, on the situation in syria was described. Instead of writing about these events from the perspective of those who create and implement policy, it is written by arab citizens themselves who up until these revolutions could not. Introduction during the winter of 2010 and the spring of 2011, the world watched as prodemocracy protesters across north africa and the middle east rose up against the dictatorial regimes that had ruled their home countries for years. Unrest and uncertainty the big picture, the boston globes photoblog. On the occasion of international womens day, march 8, 2016, the middle east program and the women in public service project at the wilson center asked a number of women in the middle east and north africa mena region and the united states about what they hope the status of women in the region will be in the next year and what needs to happen for women to get there. The examples given above of countries that could potentially be classified according to the above interpretation are discussed in detail in sections 4. We al jazeera tv follow a group of libyan exiles as they sacrifice everything to return home for the final assault on tripoli.
The instability that followed the protests that brought down the president of 30 years, hosni mubarak, frightened away. The real cause of the arab spring enlightened selfhelp. The arab spring in egypt religious literacy project. Eighteen days of mass protests forced hosni mubarak to resign in february 2011, after three decades in power. Pdf on jun 1, 2018, mohd irwan syazli saidin and others. Aug 28, 2019 the arab spring was a series of antigovernment protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the middle east in early 2011. Egyptian revolution, also known as arab spring or arab uprising, was a shock for international community because egypt has been seen as one of the strongest military state in north africa region. Tunisia celebrates fifth anniversary of the arab spring time.
It began in response to oppressive regimes and a low standard of living, starting with protests in tunisia noueihed, 2011. This product includes 56 compelling slides including maps, charts, editorial cartoons, and links to short videos. The reasons of arab spring arab spring was triggered by economic hardships and peoples democratic aspirations stepan and linz, 20. Part ii focuses on the relationships between inequality, uprisings, and conflict in the arab world. This spark threatens to set the whole of the middle.
Triggers, dynamics and prospects stephan rosiny on 17 december 2010, the selfimmolation of tunisian vegetable vendor mohammed bouazizi sparked the arab spring. Causes of the arab spring the wave of social protests that swept through the arab world during 2011, toppling some longstanding regimes and seriously destabilizing others, was the consequence of decades of oppressive and authoritarian political systems, failed economic policies, and socially alienated and disaffected populations, mainly youths. Financial pressures top every list of catalysts and causes of the arab spring, espeeially when cormption at the hands of the mling and social elite is added. The common slogan of the protesters throughout arab spring was the people want to bring down the regime aissa, 2012. Authoritarianism and democratization in the arab w orld, rex brynen et al. A political solution appears to remain out of reach for libya seven years after muammar gaddafis toppling. Arab spring and success of protest in egypt, tunisia, and other neighboring states. For decades, arab populations had faced repression of free speech, human rights abuses, economic mismanagement, corruption and stifling of political dissent.
The attention on escalation of tensions between bashar alassads government and opposition as a source of civil war in syria was paid. A bumpy road ahead pdf by hassan hakimian, director of the london middle east institute and reader, economics department, soas underscores the underlying importance of the economic conditions facing the new republics, such as egypt and tunisia, which are emerging as a result of the arab spring. Introduction during the winter of 2010 and the spring of 2011, the world watched as prodemocracy protesters across north africa and the middle east rose up. Pdf on the economic causes of the arab spring and its. Numerous factions including free syrian army, southern front forces, army of islam, and kurdish forces. Also in the case of the arab spring, scholars and analysts have attributed a primary role to these economic causes lagi et al.
The event set off uprisings across north africa and the middle east known as the arab spring. Arab regimes had been sitting on a demographic time bomb for decades. Digital adoption has grown and become more mainstream, so arab youth are more connected than ever. The hope and reality of the uprisings is a critically essential, informed and informative volume for students, scholars, and nonspecialist general readers seeking the fullest understanding of how the arab uprisings continue to impact the region and the world in general, and united states foreign policies in particular. The economist offers authoritative insight and opinion on international news, politics, business, finance, science, technology and the connections between them. Overview there has been much analysis of the causes and rapid spread of the 2011 arab spring or. The arab spring and climate change is a title that will still strike many readers as a very strange juxtaposition.
Womens rights, and the arab spring fact sheet on egypt, tunisia, morocco and jordan egypt. Alnusrah front is an alqaeda aligned extremist group. But as the contents of this volume make clear, it describes the interplay of factors that will demand an increasing amount of our attention going forward. What are the main points of consensus in the analysis of the arab spring about the factors that led to it and what tipped the balance into widespread protestunrest. In egypt, protests and strikes began on january 25, 2011. The causes and effects of the arab springs by 12ael no single cause was behind the arab spring. The arab spring started because of a great feeling of disenfranchisement, growing inequality, relative deprivation, and most importantly because of corrupt and autocratic regimes that had a heavy policy and security sector to stamp out all dissent and free thought. The economic reasons behind the arab spring an ilo. Arab spring as a background of civil war in syria in. Libyathe death of dictator first protests in libya started on january 2011 but mass uprisings began in the city of benghazi on 15 february 2011. The economics of the arab spring and its aftermath 5. Justice and human dignity were not priorities in most states.
While interconnected, uprisings in each nation took different forms and reached. Inequality, uprisings, and conflict in the arab world. The 201820 arab protests, also referred to as the new arab spring, arab summer or arab spring 2. The causes of the arab spring, or as some call it, arab awakening, were many and longgathering. The reasons and economic and political consequences of. Writing about the arab spring july 01, 2011 education resources. Beginning in tunisia popular movements swept regimes from power in tunisia, egypt, and libya and threatened to overthrow ruling elites across the region. A young man sets fire to himself on the streets of tunisia. The arab spring refers to a period of protests beginning on december 18, 2010 in tunisia, which quickly spread to numerous other arab nations and resulted in regime change in tunisia, libya, egypt, and yemen, and repression andor violence in syria, bahrain, sudan, and elsewhere. The global crisis has, probably, exacerbated the populations discontent. Like all great social upheavals, the arab spring was long in the making, and born of many intertwined causes.
Unlike 911, the arab spring is attributable to deep and widespread sociological causes e. Feb 17, 2018 a political solution appears to remain out of reach for libya seven years after muammar gaddafis toppling. Within a few months, a wave of protest had swept away the despots of tunisia, egypt and libya. The name arab spring is a reference to the revolutions of 1848also known as the peoples springwhen political upheavals swept. Economic protests also took place in the gaza strip. Egypt has witnessed the overthrow of two presidents since the start of the arab spring. Voices of the arab spring is a unique account of the arab revolutions.
Causes of the arab spring causes of the arab spring may be described as following. Pdf arab spring as a background of civil war in syria. Arab spring, wave of prodemocracy protests and uprisings that took place in the middle east and north africa beginning in 2010, challenging some of the regions entrenched authoritarian regimes. George orwell in his animal farm through allusions had prophesised this very predicament across nations where the poor, overworked and repressed. I can describe the causes and effects of the arab spring in my assigned country.1478 1230 1365 1300 1458 149 360 356 448 711 775 191 1234 75 1262 338 1529 418 794 320 296 196 297 1005 88 102 169 649 322 1108 453 1199 790 560 62 1460 1101 1453 395 1270 461